Tag Archives: Rabbi Apple

OzTorah: Torah reading – No’ach

EVILS & INCLINATIONS. The first lessons that Man learned were how far he could go, both physically and metaphorically. Physically he felt safe as long as the Garden of Eden lasted – but then came the expulsion which propelled him into an often unfriendly world. Thereafter his physical adventures and …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

RETIREMENT. Question.     Is it a sin to give up work since the Torah says, “Six days shall you work”? Answer.       What is the status of the words, “Six days shall you work”? Is this a positive mitzvah in the sense that if you don’t work …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – B’reshit

ADAM: TWO MODELS. Parashat B’reshit rolls round the Sefer Torah to the story of Adam. A famous analysis by Rav Soloveitchik says there were two Adams. We might call them practical Adam and poetical Adam. In a more basic sense there are two other Adams – Adam as Mankind, and …

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OzTorah: Simchat Torah.

WHO IS REJOICING? The name Simchat Torah is ambiguous. The conventional translation helps very little. To say “The Rejoicing of the Torah” tells us two things, but not what we really need to know. It tells us that this is a day of rejoicing; it tells us that the rejoicing …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

  EVOLUTION. Question.  Does Judaism believe in Evolution? Answer.     Whole books have been written about the various aspects and permutations of the subject. I am going to limit myself to one aspect as suggested by a Midrash (B’reshit Rabbah1:9). The Midrash notices that the beginning of Genesis uses two different …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi – Succot.

MORE TREES IN THE FOREST. Our forefathers didn’t know about high-rise buildings or information technology. Theirs was an agricultural civilisation centred around the sun and the seasons, the plants and the trees, the animals and the leaves. They didn’t have our achievements, but nor did they have our anxieties. But …

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Oz Torah: Article for Yom Kippur

SO, DO WE ALL BELIEVE? A very special feature of Yom Kippur is the way we say the Shema. To be strictly correct, it’s not the Shema but the second line, “Baruch Shem”, which is recited in an unusual way on this day – not softly, as is done during …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.- Yom Kippur.

“AVINU” BEFORE “MALKENU” Question.   In “Avinu Malkenu”, why does “Avinu” (“Our Father”) precede “Malkenu” (“Our King”)? Answer.      Before answering you in detail let me register an objection to the wish of some people to replace “Our Father” with “Our Parent” and “Our King” with “Our Ruler”. These are classical …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – Nitzavim-Vayelech

IT’S NOT IN HEAVEN. The Torah portion says of God’s Word, “It’s not in heaven or across the sea” (Deut. 30:12). Even if it were in heaven or over the sea we would still be duty-bound to strive for it, but it’s not as distant as all that. It is …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

FOR GOD’S SAKE. Question.   In “Zochrenu Lachayyim”, why do we ask God, “Remember us for life… for Your sake”? Answer.   One might have thought the prayer should ask God to answer us for our sake more than for His. What does He have to gain after all from the …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – Ki Tavo

THE FAITH OF A WANDERING ARAMEAN. Bringing first fruits to the Sanctuary, an Israelite made a declaration that said, “My father was a wandering Aramean” (Deut. 26:5). Ignaz Maybaum, an Anglo-Jewish philosopher who came from the great pre-War community of Germany, regarded this verse as theology, not just history. If …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

SOUL ENTERING THE BODY. Question.   When does the soul enter the body? Answer.      Maimonides offers a comprehensive analysis of the soul in his “Eight Chapters” (an introduction to his commentary on the Ethics of the Fathers). For him it seems that “soul” means what we would call personality, …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – Ki Tetzei

THE NAME OF DIVORCE. A section of this sidra deals with divorce procedures. The Torah calls the divorce document “Sefer K’ritut”, literally “a document of cutting off” (Deut. 24:1). For some reason the document is known as a “gett”. There is a grammatical explanation which I heard from Professor MD …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

DO ENDS JUSTIFY MEANS. Questions.  Do the ends justify the means? Answer.  As a general rule, no. On the verse, “Justice, justice shall you pursue” (Deut. 16:20), Bachya ben Asher says that the doubling of the word “justice” indicates “Justice, whether to your profit or loss; justice, whether in word …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

PROTECTING THE DEAD. Question.  Does Judaism approve of autopsies? Answer.  Generally Judaism opposes anything which would injure, mar or mutilate the human body, after death as well as in life. However, in 1776 Rabbi Yechezkel Landau issued in his Noda Biy’hudah a now famous statement that an autopsy could be …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

DEALING WITH INTERMARRIAGE Question.  Should synagogues welcome people who have married out? Answer. Before addressing your specific question, two prior axioms: We have to encourage marriage as a principle, with the commitment that it brings to each other and to the future; and we have to encourage people to marry within …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – D’varim

A BIG DEAL. Moses never had an easy time as the leader. In the very first chapter of D’varim he tells the people that there are so many of them that he can’t handle the burden. How does he describe their vast numbers? “Like the stars of the heaven for …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

ONLY THE LIVING CAN REMEMBER. On Tishah B’Av, remembering is the rule. Tragedies happened, and we have to remember them. Not just the destruction of the Temple, indeed both Temples, but the long procession of calamities that accompanied all the ages. Every time of year has its historical memories; every …

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OzTorah: Torah reading – Mass’ei

EFFORT & EXPENSES. Mass’ei is the travel diary of Israel in the wilderness, introduced with the words, “And Moses wrote down their goings forth on their journeys” (Num. 33:2). The word for “their goings forth” is “motza’eihem”. Since the root is “yatza”, to go out, the word could possibly mean …

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OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

INCOME TAX & “FIDDLING THE BOOKS” Question.  Is there any halachic reason why I can’t “fiddle the books” when it comes to paying my income tax? Answer.  Being a part of society comes at a cost. A halachic rule stated in the name of the sage Sh’muel, “dina d’malchuta dina”, …

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