Rabbi Dr. Raymond Apple

OzTorah. Torah reading: Re’eh

WALKING AFTER GOD At the beginning of Parashat No’ach we are told that No’ach walked with God (Gen. 6:9). Rashi and others point out that where No’ach walked with God, Abraham walked before Him (Gen. 24:40). The sages compare these two early leaders to children who at first need to …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi – Vengeance In Israel.

Question.    On the wall of a house in Israel where an Arab baby and his father were killed and members of the family badly injured, someone scrawled “N’kamah” – “Vengeance!” What is the Jewish perspective on acts of vengeance? Answer.       The Jewish principle is “Li nakam v’shillem” – “‘Vengeance is …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi ‘Conversions in Israel’

Question.    Why is the Israeli rabbinate so strict in what it expects from converts? Answer.       The halachic answer ought, theoretically, to function regardless of political considerations. However, the pure ideal cannot be achieved while there is such controversy about the relationship between State and religion when the religious parties …

Read More »

OzTorah – Torah reading: Va’et’channan.

TIME FOR A SUCCESSOR When God told Moses his days were numbered, the decree was not accepted without protest. The rabbis say that the numerical value of “Va’et’channan” is 515, indicating that Moses uttered this number of pleas to God to allow him to enter the Promised Land. We are …

Read More »

OzTorah – Ask the Rabbi on “Tu B’Av”

    MATCHMAKING ON TU B’AV. Question.    I hear there is a minor festival this Friday called Tu B’Av. What is it all about? Answer.       Tu B’Av (the 15th of the month of Av) has a double significance. Josephus called it the Feast of Wood-Bearing as it was …

Read More »

OzTorah – Torah reading: D’varim

FORM OR CONTENT? Starting with the opening verses of D’varim, we become the audience for Moses’ series of farewell speeches. Impressive to read, we wonder whether the orations were equally impressive to listen to. After all, Moses was marred by a speech impediment: he was “k’vad peh, k’vad lashon”, “heavy …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi – Features for Tishah B’Av.

RESURGENT ANTISEMITISM. Question.   Why is there a resurgence of antisemitism? Answer.      In theory it is connected with Israel. It is customary to say that antisemitism was once religious but has now become secular. Like all generalisations this view does not entirely accord with the facts. “Secular” Jew-hatred and teaching …

Read More »

Oz Torah: Torah Reading – Mattot-Mass’ei

A BIG EVENT PASSING US BY. The story of the journeys of the Children of Israel seems prosaic, for example, “They encamped in the wilderness of Sinai” (Num. 33:15). We already know that Sinai was a stopping place. Why remind us? Yet if you slow down you ask the question: …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

MOURNER’S KADDISH. Question.     What is the origin of “Kaddish Yatom”, the Mourner’s Kaddish? Answer.       Despite the popular view, Kaddish did not begin as a mourner’s prayer, and Kaddish Yatom is only one version of Kaddish. The Kaddish is an amalgam of phrases commencing with a passage from …

Read More »

OzTorah – Ask the Rabbi: “When will I die”

WHEN WILL I DIE? Question.   When will I die? Answer.     As the prophet Ezekiel would have said, “Lord God, Thou knowest”. Even when the doctors give an indication of how long a patient has, they cannot be certain. When a person seems to be healthy, anything can lie around the …

Read More »

OzTorah – Torah reading: Balak

DON’T BE A DONKEY. Some animals just have no luck. Chief amongst them is the donkey. Whilst the Code of Jewish Law says we should start the day like lions, bringing strength and power to the day’s commandments, everyone says, “Don’t be a donkey!” At times we talk about being …

Read More »

Ask the Rabbi: BEEZLEBUB

BEEZLEBUB. Question.    I heard a Christian preacher refer to a demon called Beelzebub. Is this name known in Judaism? Answer.       In Christian scripture Beelzebub or Beelzebul is the chief of the demons (Matt. 12:24-27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15-18). The name derives from “Baal Z’vuv”, “lord of the flies”. In …

Read More »

OzTorah – Torah reading: Chukkat

POWER IN PARADOX. There is something in this week’s portion which is both strange and typical of Judaism. The law of the red heifer (Num. 19:2) requires a mixture of substances to be sprinkled in order to purify the impure. Strangely the process which purifies also does the opposite – …

Read More »

OzTorah – Ask the Rabbi

SHOULD RABBIS KEEP OUT OF POLITICS? Question.    Should rabbis involve themselves in political issues? Answer.       Before there were rabbis, the spiritual leaders were the priests and prophets. The priests were not confined to the sanctuary. They supervised public health, they taught, they gave guidance and information. But they were not …

Read More »

OzTorah – Torah reading: Korach

DID THEIR PROPERTY SIN? The punishment of Korach and his henchmen was that the earth opened up and swallowed them (Num. 16:32) – together with all their property and possessions. Readers of the story have long puzzled over the reference to the possessions being swallowed up. “Human beings can sin …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

WOMEN AT THE CEMETERY. Question.   Is it true that women should not go to a funeral? Answer.     This is a widespread view but it is more an emotional than halachic issue. Some people have the feeling that women are too emotional to face the harsh reality of a cemetery, …

Read More »

OzTorah: Torah reading – S’hlach L’cha

HOW COULD THEY GET IT SO WRONG? How could people who were as clever as the spies get it so wrong as to suggest that God would be unable to bring the nation safely into the Promised Land (Num. 14:27)? Perhaps they were scared at the big adjustment they would …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.

Question.   How can a rabbi be called “Apple”? Answer.      “Apple” happens to be a distinguished, historic Jewish surname. In ancient times there were four leading Jewish families descended from the tribe of Judah – Min HaTappuchim or De Pommis (“Apple”), Adumim or De Rossi (“The Red Ones”), HaZ’kenim (“The …

Read More »

OzTorah: Torah reading – B’ha’alot’cha

PROPHECY IN A VISION. Num. 12:6 introduces us to the concept of prophecy. God says: “If a prophet of the Lord arises among you, I make Myself known to him in a vision”. Whilst priesthood comes from lineage, prophecy is personal. For Judah HaLevi, it is a Divine grace: for …

Read More »

OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi

USING A CAR SPACE. Question.   A store has a free carpark for its customers but others have got wind of it and park there, which makes it difficult for the people for whom it was intended. Is there a Jewish ethical rule about this? Answer.     The parking facility is …

Read More »