OzTorah: Ask the Rabbi.




Every Jew has an attitude to Jewishness.

For some it is negative; Heine said,

“Judaism is not a religion. It is a misfortune.”

But those who are negative are today very few. The 20th century has seen to that. The Holocaust confronted Jews with an ideology which sought to annihilate them; the threat strengthened their Jewish consciousness and now they echo Emil Fackenheim’s words that it is forbidden to grant Hitler a posthumous victory.

The creation of Israel, the hope realised, the dream come true, has injected vigour and excitement into Jewish life. The result is an upsurge in Jewish consciousness everywhere.

Albert Einstein remarked,

“I am sorry I was born a Jew… because it deprived me of the privilege of choosing to be a Jew”.

I think this is a tremendous thought.

My Jewishness is an accident of birth, but I do not regret it in any way. Indeed I am grateful for it.

I AM PART OF AN ANCIENT PEOPLE. I am descended from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; from Moses the lawgiver, David the poet-warrior, Solomon the sage, Isaiah who thundered against injustice; from Jews of faith and vision, courage and compassion; from martyrs and pioneers and leaders of thought – these are my people.

I HAVE A RICH HERITAGE OF CULTURE. My heritage is the Bible, the inexhaustible mine of inspiration; the Talmud, the literary civilisation and eternal mental stimulus; and classics of poetry and philosophy, theology and thought, literature, liturgy and law, each of which could occupy me for a life-time – these are my treasures.

I HAVE A CHALLENGING ETHICAL TRADITION. My belief in God means that we all have a common father and I am a brother to every other human being. My models are Levi Yitzchak, who had a good word for every sinner; Yisrael Salanter, who missed Kol Nidrei because a crying baby needed to be rocked to sleep; the Chafetz Chayyim whose work was to teach people to guard their tongue – this is my ethical example.

JUDAISM BRINGS POETRY INTO MY LIFE. I gain such richness from the weekly Sabbath-eve scene in synagogue and home, the family table at Pesach, the colour and aroma of the sukkah, the magnetic tremor in the synagogue at Ne’ilah – Judaism gives me ceremony and symbolism, melody and mood, laughter and tears.

JUDAISM IS MORAL COURAGE. Judaism, said Leo Baeck, is the eternal dissenter. It cannot live at peace with a world where lands are filled with broken bodies, hearts and minds because of war, poverty, hunger and injustice. It must speak out. As the Perek says, “Where there are no men, you must be a man.” A Jew must stand up and speak up.


“I am a Jew because the faith of Israel demands of me no abdication of the mind.”

Judaism grapples with ideas and ideals, truth and falsehood, broad issues and narrow ones. Its intellectual rigour has created a tradition of reasoning that means, as the sages put it, that the disciples of the wise have no rest either in this world or in the World to Come. Judaism is an unending adventure of the mind.

It is hard to be a Jew, but good. I would not want it any other way.


Question.  How does the international date line impact on Jewish observance?

Answer. The problem is that when you cross the date line in one direction you gain a day and if you go the other way you lose a day. This has an effect on when you observe Shabbat or the festivals, as well as on counting the Omer, saying the Psalm of the day, lighting Chanukah candles, counting the days of mourning, or before going to the mikvah.

The verse, “It is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings” (Lev. 23:3) is understood by Sforno as saying that the date of Shabbat is determined “according to your habitations” – i.e. Shabbat depends on where you live. It is earlier in New Zealand, and later in New York. Rabbi Jacob Emden said in the 18th century that someone who travels from east to west or vice versa should keep Shabbat according to his place of origin and adopt a different Shabbat when he reaches a settled Jewish community.

This rule is endorsed by Rabbi Abraham Eber Hirschowitz, who reports in his Bet Avraham that he faced the problem when he travelled from Sydney to San Francisco a century ago.

Given that the halachic considerations of crossing the date line are complex, air travellers whose flights cross the date line should avoid travelling on a Friday, and should consult a rabbinic authority before travel.

Rabbi Dr Raymond Apple Blogs at http://www.oztorah.com

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